Canada First Mortgage - Calgary Alberta

Variable vs. Fixed Rate



When dealing with Variable Rate Mortgages (VRM), the idea of a "set payment" plan is not the intent. The intent is to "float" an interest rate according to what the prime rate of Canada is doing. We know that with experiencing historically low interest rates, a VRM has very beneficial factors. A variable rate can be easily justified in today's market. The common variable rate mortgage has an interest rate that floats under the prime rate of Canada.

Herein lies the question; "why isn't EVERYONE taking a variable rate mortgage?" Seems simple enough, the prime rate of Canada stays low, and my interest payments stay low as well. Well, the truth of the matter is that there is no guarantee that we will stay at these "all time lows" with interest rates. However, all hope in security is not lost when choosing this type of mortgage. The lenders have a "lock in" feature set up within the program that allows you to lock into their fixed rate mortgage at any time, without penalty. Hey, not bad. It is typical for the banks to set the payment at the beginning of each month. So, that is to say that if your payment at the start of the month was based on the "then" interest rate, it will stay that way until it is set again the following month.

What about prepayment options and prepayment penalties? In most cases, you can find a bank that will allow prepayment options attached to their variable rate products. If you decided to set your payments to reflect a higher interest rate, the difference between the two payments goes directly to your principle each month. That's even better. That has potential to save you YEARS off the amortization on the mortgage. The prepayment penalty of a variable rate mortgage (breaking the mortgage), is a three-month interest rate penalty.

When trying to decipher how a VRM works, think of a mutual fund. Your payments can fluctuate from month to month. Although you are floating below prime, there is no set payment from month to month.


A fixed rate mortgage, or commonly referred to as a "closed" mortgage, is set up so that you have "fixed" payments at every month (or bi-weekly, etc.). There is no guessing as to what your next mortgage payment is going to be from month to month. Let's say you have a $150,000 mortgage and you have an interest rate of 5.00% over a 5 year fixed term. You know that if you pay the minimum payment per month, your payments will be $872.41(principle and interest only) for the next five years. That's the security of having a fixed rate. This type of mortgage may be most attractive for the client who has a set income; example a pensioner, or a disability fixed income, or even a first time homebuyer that desires security in newfound ownership. The fixed rate mortgage is designed for security in knowing payment structure, and piece of mind purposes.

Fixed rate mortgages are based on the Canadian Bond Market. It is typical for a lender to want to see anywhere between a 1.35% and 1.55% spread between the bond rate, and the interest rate that the lender is charging. When there is a shift in the bond market, rates will either go up or down depending on the spreads. Again, however - when you lock into a fixed rate mortgage, you are secured with your interest rate because it is "set" for the predetermined amount of time (aka: Term). There are anywhere from 1 yr. terms, to 10 year terms in the fixed mortgage products.

As far as deciding what's best for YOU, there's no right or wrong answer! It all depends on a risk and security factor that you're comfortable with. Everyone has their own idea of "how to get ahead of the game", and how their monthly finances work within their household. Talking to us just may help you find your strategy in YOUR game.

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Canadian Mortgage Experts - Canada First
Dan & Stacey Mass
Calgary, Alberta
Direct: 403-650-6596

Fax: 1-866-377-4410

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